diameter at breast height

Estimates of Tree Canopy Closure and Basal Area as Proxies for Tree Crown Volume at a Stand Scale

Research Highlights: Studies on tree canopy dwelling species often require simple proxies of tree canopy volume estimated at a stand level. These include allometrically related tree crown parameters such as crown area and basal area, and canopy …

Bryophyte and polypore richness and indicators in relation to type, age and decay stage of coarse woody debris of Picea abies

Tree regeneration in noble broadleaved tree stands at their northern limit: implications for conservation management

Natural structures and disturbances in an old growth wet Norway spruce forest in the nature reserve