Comparison of telomere length between population-specific mitochondrial haplogroups among different age groups in a Latvian population


Population studies have demonstrated that telomere length (TL) displays great diversity among different populations. Previously described controversial findings associated longevity with specific mitochondrial DNA haplogroups (hgs) (e.g., J and U). These observations may be influenced by population diversity, geographic location, and/or specific historic background. The aims of this study were to identify a specific hg which correlates with aging in a Latvian populating and to evaluate the possible association of TL variability with specific mitochondrial hgs. The results show no significant correlation between TL, mitochondrial DNA hgs and longevity. A slight increase in frequency was observed among centenarians of hg H; however, these findings were not statistically significant. TL did not show any statically significant difference, only hg W had slightly longer telomeres among others. An insignificant increase in TL was observed in the 55-89 age group of hg W but in the textless90 age group for hg J which also had the longest TL in the 20-45 age group. In conclusion this study indicates that specific mitochondrial DNA hgs do not have a significant, if any, influence on the variation of TL in Latvians.

Mechanisms of Ageing and Development